A Farewell to Victim Disarmament?


Working gun made with 3D printer

By Rebecca Morelle Science reporter, BBC World Service, Texas

(The Libertarian Alliance’s officers have inserted a caveat at the end of the post.)

The BBC’s Rebecca Morelle saw the 3D-printed gun’s first test in Austin, Texas

The world’s first gun made with 3D printer technology has been successfully fired in the US.

The controversial group which created the firearm, Defense Distributed, plans to make the blueprints available online.

The group has spent a year trying to create the firearm, which was successfully tested on Saturday at a firing range south of Austin, Texas.

Anti-gun campaigners have criticised the project.

Europe’s law enforcement agency said it was monitoring developments.

Victoria Baines, from Europol’s cybercrime centre, said that at present criminals were more likely to pursue traditional routes to obtain firearms.

She added, however: “But as time goes on and as this technology becomes more user friendly and more cost effective, it is possible that some of these risks will emerge.”

Defense Distributed is headed by Cody Wilson, a 25-year-old law student at the University of Texas.

Mr Wilson said: “I think a lot of people weren’t expecting that this could be done.”

3D-printed gun parts The gun was assembled from separate printed components made from ABS plastic – only the firing pin was made from metal

3D printing has been hailed as the future of manufacturing.

The technology works by building up layer upon layer of material – typically plastic – to build complex solid objects.

The idea is that as the printers become cheaper, instead of buying goods from shops, consumers will instead be able to download designs and print out the items at home.

But as with all new technologies, there are risks as well as benefits.

Personal liberties

The gun was made on a 3D printer that cost $8,000 (£5,140) from the online auction site eBay.

It was assembled from separate printed components made from ABS plastic – only the firing pin was made from metal.

Mr Wilson, who describes himself as a crypto-anarchist, said his plans to make the design available were “about liberty”.

He told the BBC: “There is a demand of guns – there just is. There are states all over the world that say you can’t own firearms – and that’s not true anymore.

“I’m seeing a world where technology says you can pretty much be able to have whatever you want. It’s not up to the political players any more.”

Asked if he felt any sense of responsibility about whose hands the gun might fall into, he told the BBC: “I recognise the tool might be used to harm other people – that’s what the tool is – it’s a gun.

“But I don’t think that’s a reason to not do it – or a reason not to put it out there.”

Gun control

To make the gun, Mr Wilson received a manufacturing and seller’s licence from the US Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF).

Donna Sellers, from the ATF, told BBC News that the 3D-printed gun, as long as it was not a National Firearms Act weapon (an automatic gun, for example), was legal in the US.

She said: “[In the US] a person can manufacture a firearm for their own use. However, if they engage in the business of manufacture to sell a gun, they need a licence.”

Amid America’s ongoing gun debate in the wake of the shootings at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, US congressman Steve Israel recently called for a ban on 3D guns under the Undetectable Firearms Act.

Groups looking to tighten US gun laws have also expressed concern.

Leah Gunn Barrett, from New Yorkers Against Gun Violence, has said: “These guns could fall into the hands of people who should not have guns – criminals, people who are seriously mentally ill, people who are convicted of domestic violence, even children.”

3D printing technology has already been used by some criminal organisations to create card readers – “skimmers” – that are inserted into bank machines.

Many law enforcement agencies around the world now have people dedicated to monitoring cybercrime and emerging technologies such as 3D printers.

Ms Baines from Europol said: “What we know is that technology proceeds much more quickly than we expect it to. So by getting one step ahead of the technological developments, we hope and believe we will be able to get one step ahead of the criminals as well.”

(The Libertarian Alliance’s officers would like to point out that they share this post publicly for information purposes only. So far as can be known, no officers of the LA, or members so far as can be ascertained, own or plan to manufacture firearms, all such persons being too busy on other matters. The officers further urge that readers must comply with the current status of law on owning firearms in their respective territories.)

46 responses to “A Farewell to Victim Disarmament?

  1. From the look of the weapon it needs further development (although there has been a lot of discusssion of this sort of thing for years) – but the lack of a “paper trail” is important.

    Records-of-sale as well as firearm “registers” can be used by oppressive regimes (who wish to for a de facto monopoly of weapons to be the hands of the state – and “socially friendly elements” i.e. street gangs and other Social Justice outfits) to confiscate firearms from honest people – or to so tie up the process of buying a firearm in redtape as to (step-by-step) disarm property owners and (as already mentioned) concentrate firearm ownership in the hands of the government and criminals (the “sociallly friendly elements” dedicated to “redistributing” income and wealth – in line with government policy, but by more informal methods).

    However, the United States, and the several States that make it up (such as the Governors of New York State and Connecticut – who are not fanatical statists, not even slightly…..), does not have politicians with oppressive aims in de facto alliance with the “socially friendly” elements (such as the street gangs of Chicago and so on), so this is a nonstory.

    It is a nonstory? Is it not?

  2. Mr Justin P Fox

    I saw that on the web last night with all the parts, from the engineers drawings it is only a single shot, with three three barrels, I presume to take different cal. The main problem is the design, although ABS is strong it will wear quickly, looks like an assassins weapon, of course the downside to it this, if used in crime, it could be destroyed without trace, leaving the police with no evidence, there is only one metal part but this could also be made of a man made material, it this the future of weapons, I don’t think so, but a design that does work, abelit for a time before the barrel needs replacing, ABS was used in bushes in car engineering, it wore out so quick it had to be replaced every MOT had them on my spitfires,never any good with our roads.

  3. Mr Justin P Fox

    Of course the upside to this design is ABS does not rust, the gun could
    last an eternity.

  4. Mr Justin P Fox

    This needs no futher develpment paul, what you see is what you get a
    real firing gun, that can be mass produced for a few quid. The barrel issue
    could be sorted by engineer, very simply, but I will not tell you that.

  5. Mr Stbbons.

    It’s in all the papers this morning, photographs of all internal parts, it’s a bit over engineered, as history shows us a single shot gun can be made with just three parts. with a much longer more accurate barrel.

  6. Mr Justin P Fox

    Like the sewing machine, works well, beyond the scope of most field
    engineers I must confess, they don’t carry milling machines around with,
    like the simple designs. Simple = reliability. Don’t worry I won’t tell the
    woodentops. Lots of bacon tonight I see, what about the hog roast.

  7. john warren

    In my opinion Paul, this is not a non-story. This is a break-through that’ll prove important long-term. Of course the weapon needs developing; but if it’s truly capable of discharging a projectile without its breech exploding, then it’s well on the way to becoming an effective firearm.

    No mention of the ammunition being used – which probably means that, at the moment, stock munitions are being used. Barrel’s way too short. Back in the day I owned several short barrelled pistols but they were seldom accurate past thirty feet. Nevertheless, making a firearm out of plastic is very advanced stuff.

    Printed in black plastic it’s going to scare the UK’s gun-toting plod in equal measure to the way they’ve decided to scare us. They’e scaring us because they can’t pick on the criminals alone it would be against a crook’s HR whats-its. They wont/can’t stop immigration even when they know that the overall cost of importation is bringing financial melt-down ever closer. A nation cannot work itself out the level of debt we now find ourselves in this country. It’s never been done. Never in history. Doomsday’s on its way for Europe yet the general public continue to place trust in a government proven to be useless – worse than useless – criminally incompetent in fact. Such foolishness deserve naught but utter contempt.

    Hope you’ve started buying in those essential extra food supplies I keep mentioning?

    The economic melt-down draws closer with every month that passes. No person or institution can prevent it happening. In the years ahead, everyman with a family is going to need one or two of these pistols. Buy a printer the moment you read that ammunition can be printed – your weapon may help keep you and your family alive.

    Get the food in first however; then concentrate on family survival techniques (all the info you need is available on line). They’ll definitely come after your food at some point – don’t forget that. You’ll be classed a vile ‘food-horder’ which will have already been deemed the worst possible crime. Our pathetic, panicking government will begin reacting without thinking. Much the way they have these past twenty years or so.

  8. Probably be best to buy it in tins, will last longer, I wonder if gangs will start going around killing people or raping them, they might steal your food, you’d be better of with a sword than that pistol, look how long it takes to load one, they would be on top of you in a few seconds. at least when the gang attacks you’ll have a slim chance of survival, I think when it comes to the police, they are dead for sure so many people wanting to kill them and the councilors and judges of course, I think the mobs will trear them to bits, in the court, court yards. Glad I can ride a horse albeit not that good, at least I’ll get around, there will be no petrol, propabaly no medical supplies. best keep one for the luger as they say. Of course better than the plastic pop gun, you could look at the Sturmfeuer MG 42 in assault fire mode. Horrific. You could even cut you leaks and garden produce with it at harvest time.

  9. It will probabaly be like that film Mad Max, wish I had held on to that K 900
    now, would have been useful. Of course you could stabilise the debt, but
    the bastatrds keep stealing money ready to do a runner, and creating jobs
    for their famlies in state until the final day comes, they are spending more
    and more and more, when they should be cutting the middle class statist wealth
    creating brigade.

  10. John I was being sarcastic when I said it was a “non-story”.

    I actually do believe that people such as the Governors of Conn and New York (and the Preident in Washington D.C.) are statist fanatics.

    Things such as this techology are indeed needed.

  11. Mr Justin P Fox

    Paul, this is not new technology, ABS has been around for a long time, the
    gun in design is primative, the only plus is the gun can be mass produced
    for a few pounds, so people will be able to arm themselves quickly, it can
    be put together in a few minutes looking at the parts photo’s. In terms of
    gun technology, General Custer could fire his rifles as fast as this and his
    revolvers a lot faster.Of course on mass, it takes on a different perspective,
    due to the mathmatical equation of numbers.

  12. Justin did I forget to say that this sort of thing has been discussed (and been worked on) for years?

    I wish the project well.

  13. Mr Justin P Fox

    Well that may be, but’s whats the point, you know this paul the IRA had
    better faster firing lager caliber weapons in 1920. It’s nothing compared to
    what they used to make and produce, it’s plastic, it’s more of a cattle gun
    than anything, close range weapon.

  14. Yes Justin – presently (not. perhaps, in the future but presently) I would adivse people who live in places such as Conn or New York to leave and go to (relatively) “gun friendly” places such as Texas. Rather than rely on technology like this.

    But then places such as Conn or New York should be left anyway – for other reasons.

  15. Mr Justin P Fox

    I can only see one vision for a gun like this it will probably be used by
    gangs to make hits, who will then burn the evidence, although of course
    the ability to produce such a thing from a computor is interesting to say the
    least, but I still think this weapon will be the choice of the Hit Man or Drugs
    Dealers. The knock on the door type of killings they used to get in London. No gun, no eveidence. Bit like the ice murder, the evidence just
    melted away.

  16. john warren

    They get ‘hit’ at the door in London more often now Mr Fox than they ever did. The public are not told about it because the poor darlings might worry – that’s the difference. Looks bad for the religion of the multi-cultists too.

    Criminals can obtain guns without a problem right now. Just need to know your local suppliers and have cash to hand. To get rid you can of course also melt (burn) metal but why bother when a river will do the job equally well.

    Until this plastic gun and its ammunition is proven safe to handle, reliable, accurate and effective no drug dealer will touch it. Effective means the projectiles ability to turn a brick into a dust cloud – not just shatter them. A six quid hammer can quite easily shatter ’em. (Wonder what the statistics are concerning killings by use of hammers or guns – anyone know?)

    My opinion is that ‘people’ are the ones who’ll be printing the majority of these things off. They’ve no ‘contacts’ and will have little choice in the matter when the financial shit hits the fan. I believe a man has an absolute right to protect his home and family from whoever it is who starts to break his door down – no matter the agressors trade, profession, religion, nationality or so-called duty.

  17. When I lived in london people used to tout them in carry bags £250.00
    deals were oftern done in Pub toilets, I remember a few people were shot
    when I lived there, knock at the door stuff, never made the news, they
    blew the local taxi firm owner all over the wall, with shotguns. Best to keep
    yourself to yourself in London. With them and the police as well you have
    to watch your back.

  18. Mr Justin Fox Phj.

    Yes, you’re right even in rural Norfolk we have had cases of the police selling
    guns on the black market, their not that hard to get if you have money. But
    more to the point who would want one. best to have legal one if anything.

  19. Mr Justin Fox Phj.

    well yes, people have a right to protect their homes, but you can’t really shoot someone for turning up at you’re door, you can’t shoot a burglar with his hands up on ethics, and you can’t shoot one in the back running away, that’s no ethical, thats just plain killing.

  20. Mr Justin Fox Phj.

    There are more people killed with hammers than rifles, in the US there is a hig rate of hammer killings, hammer crimes are common in the UK, just down the road we had an olb boy kill his wife with a hammer, pillar of the community until he killed her, there is a lot of hammer crimes, at differnt levels, some people use them to punish people, and hit their legs, I think fair comment anyone who strikes someone on the head with a hammer is guilty of attempted murder, for obvious reasons, hammer crime is not uncommon in Norfolk, people use them in fights and things, but the hammer killers normally attack people with them causing head injuries. I did not realise just how common it is until I did some quick research.

  21. Hans Clogg

    Of course in Holland at one time, so many people carried guns the police didn’t even prosecute, they used to carry them in the streets. It did have a
    very high murder rate, but that has dropped now, i think there used to be
    at least one murder a week.

  22. Hans Clogg

    They have tightened the law in Holland now for illegal firearms, it’s a fine
    or no more than 9 months in prison. You send all you’re people to prsion
    in the UK you are a prison island.

  23. john warren

    Mr Fox, I’m talking about defence of home and hearth when starving people are roaming the streets looking for the horrid ‘food horders’ the government has told them are the cause of food shortages.

    Our government has done things like that already – do you not recall them blaming people for ‘panic-buying’ just a few years ago. The panic buying was when people bought three loaves instead of two; maybe a dozen eggs instead of six. Hardly panic buying but our politicians needed to blame someone.

    No one’s listening I know but terrible times are just around the corner. It maybe slow-burn or fast. It doesn’t matter because the end result will be the same. You’ll go on-line expecting to make a payment and you’ll read the word ‘Error’. Below that, you’ll be given instructions about how much you may withdraw and how often you may make a with-drawl. The government will have taken over the running of your account

    A run on the banks will be prohibited by law. We’ll all then be stuck in financial limbo just like the unfortunate Greeks. Unless of course, you’re very wealthy and one of those who’ll receive ‘the’ telephone call.

    Thankfully, I’m ok financially but will definitely not be getting the call.

    No one can predict when it will all kick off but kick off it must. At the moment UK PLC are borrowing money enough to survive… just. Interest rates can’t go up because the government can’t allow them to. They couldn’t give a toss about mortgage payers – that’s bull-shit. What a disgraceful dilema – prudent pensioners forced to accept low rates on comparatively meagre savings because government ministers need low ones in order to keeping imprudent borrowings from bankrupting the nation.

    They simply can’t afford to pay higher rates. 6% and we’re all gone.

    Make provisions to keep your family fed for twelve months. If others neglect to protect their own welfare they should not expect you to jeopardise yours. Should violent people come to my house intent on taking that which does not belong them… well, let’s just see.

    ‘Mother, they’re at the gate. Plods right there with ’em backing ’em up. Time to break out Plastic Bertha. I’ll take the hog in the hat if you get the skinny git on the right. Make every shell count mum – love you!’

    Coming to a town near you folks…

  24. I fear John-W will be right. I have advocated Honda-generator-powered-trailer-borne-machine-longbows – with target-acquisition-radar-direction – for years (so that everybody can see that you have one, or more: ‘coz you keep them on your front yard), but nobody seems to be listening.

  25. I prefere spring loaded spike tubes burried in the gorund, activated by the
    relaibility of simple mechanics, when they stand on one they become Kababs.
    I think 6th spikes will do, launched at 230 pounds feet. If these fail then
    use you’re inventions.

  26. john warren

    Well it’s good you two retain a sense of humour. Such qualities can often help a man survive when times turn rough.

    I read recently facts concerning the 1931 collapse of the German Banks. At the time it was cheaper for their customers to paper their houses with bank notes than it was to use wall-paper.

    Apparently, millions of German citizens believed a collapse nigh on impossible. Some even laughed and made jokes at the very idea. Those people became the fools that suffered the most when it did. All the warning signs were there yet they’d made no attempts whatsoever to protect themselves.

    Interestingly, the UKs current debt levels, in percentage terms at least, equal Germany’s immediately prior to the collapse. Also in percentage terms, today the Greeks have one third the UK’s debt levels yet find themselves struggling to hold off a collapse. The people’s cash is being stolen by their own government. They’re told it’s money needed to service the national debt, pay wages and provide pensions.

    They’d prefer to carry out mass civil service sackings of course; what government wouldn’t? But Greece is in the EU and unable to for reasons beyond their control. In spite of austerity measures, the government is obliged to continue borrowing. Is that a laughing matter?

  27. Fritz Stuka.

    John, I used to collect german notes, they are still worth nothing now, how
    can it be a loaf of bread costs a wheelbarro full of money.

  28. I think you’re right, they are indeed stealing money and very substantial amounts by any means possible, we have got to the stage now where the state are just literally helping themselves to money by hook or by crook, and we are told the british people have no legal rights, it’s like bank robbery, but the state are committing the crime. Of course cvil service has got to big that is what has bankrupted the country and the former labour governments policy to create jobs in government that never should have been there in the first place, for what they described as middle class, ha…ha….The deficite is big I agree, if a Roman General met this on the field of battle he might say something like this, Men of the legion the biggest army the world of Rome has witnessed lay’s before us. Today we “Die For Rome! Of course with the right cuts, in government there is a chance this could be stabilised for aperiod, however the government are just spending more and more money on the government sector and government sector staff, of course a crash or any further decline will mean increased crime, economic breakdown, down the plug hole there is no doubt, when government agencies start to break the law, you know the system is breaking down into something very bad, stealing money is normally the profession of the common thief and criminal, this appears to indicate exactly what they have devolved into.Is this what recession does, I suppose, yes, it turns the state into theives and blackmailers, this is what they are resorting to if they can’t help their selves to your money property or assets.

  29. john warren

    Not certain of the price of bread; I wasn’t around so never needed to buy any. Also not German like you purport to be my dodgy dive-bombing friend.

    However, according to the BBC, in Germany during the early 30s, a wheel barrow was sometimes worth more than it’s contents – when it was loaded with Reichsmarks that is.

  30. Fritz Stuka.

    I think the gold was the one to go for, that’s why they nicked it all towards the end of the war, something similar to what out lot are doing right
    now, anyway I have a few Reichsmarks, pobably tens of thousands, they
    still worth nothing now, that is if I didn’t throw them away, as for being dodgy my friend I presume you must have looked in the mirror, you
    know what they say about he who shouts the loudest, I am glad you’re more familar with the word than I am, it tells me much about you. Who gives a monkeys about the BBC anyway. Where they there for instance.
    As for not buying bread, get used to fact, you’ll be living on toast like every-
    body else, unless of course you are a troll on government pay.

  31. Justin P Fox, Phj.

    Good point, do you remember the anit- gay flog them castrate them brigade of the 90’s, the minute they legalised it they all came out as being gay, you know what te saying is about people who loud hail about crime, well many of them have been caught of late, especially the ones in Blue uniforms, two more caught this week, another hanging, yippy, yippy, I R O.

  32. Roger Mellingford

    Don’t forget to incorperate a mechanical relay to the main spring activator,
    spikes sound nasty, mind you I don’t like the sound of the logbows, the
    Honda engine is good though, at least you’ll keep the lights on, If the spikes
    fail, and the longbows don’t work, you’ve had your chips chaps. You could
    always try waving a white handkerchief as a last resort.

  33. john warren

    Even though you aren’t hiding behind a false name, you failed at the first Roger. We’ll be in lock-down – no bread so definitely no fuel.

    Wont be an easy exercise either loading springs. Can be nasty things can springs.

    Could always throw rocks – even in the dark. Rocks come cheap too. Downside is; they can be returned with interest.

    Stukas – the only aircraft ever built with the intention of making loud and threatening noises.

  34. Roger Mellingford.

    You’re wrong, I have already designed a loading bar system, horizontal
    cross tye that can be retracted and moved once loaded, I included a torque
    mutiplier in retay train. You”re wrong about the stukas if you saw some of
    the old flm clips you would see why, ever see a Tank Jumpt 8ft in air.

  35. Roger Mellingford.

    I go a few ideas if the shit hit’s the fan, I’m not telling anyone, it won’t be
    easy task for them, I now to much to become easy meat, and I alway’s remember what an old calavarly man told who had seen much active service,
    no matter how big they are they still go down.

  36. Buftin Richards.

    I know the answer, as child my mother bought me lost of chemistry sets, I had my own little lab in the shed, I tried of hatching shrimp eggs, or chaging the coulour of liquids, i made some lovely fireworks from iron fillings. Tell you what you could do, make a cannon, load it with nots and bolts, stuff it with rag, propably jump off the ground when you fire it, but what of them 30 meters down wind, remember Noapolian and Wellington, let me be in your gang I’ll pull the cord to start the Honda, and did the arrowns in something better than cow’s shit.

  37. Bufftin, I had a chemistry set as well, did you have one of lose meths burners. test tubes, glass flasks and motor and pedestal, granpapa, bought
    for me for christmas I had many after that, lovely toy’s.

  38. Buftin Richards

    Yes, I had the ful works, used run out out of the chemical elements though
    had to improvise. made it more fun. yes I had the mortar and pedestal as
    well, made of marble. loved the mag, such fun.

  39. john warren

    No Roger I’ve not seen a tank jump 8ft. I once saw one jump better part of 3ft though when its hull was struck by a Centurian’s 105 mm apds round.

    If you’ve seen a Stuka you’ve also heard it. Dreadful, loud howling sound designed and installed to terrorise.

    I see the lads are wanting to get the defences started. Great ideas to come I fancy. You seem like the sort who can co-ordinate such stuff effectively.

  40. Roger Mellingford

    Puff the Magic Dragon. how about flame throwers. they would do! We could
    use a line of fire as a defence. Not the T.

  41. Roger Mellingford

    Not just just defences, a ring of steel 30 meters think, with multiple, traps
    and secondary defences, never shall barbarians break such a defence, it
    will be 10,000 times stonger than the strongest templar castle.

  42. Concerned Briton

    I have been loosely following the development of 3d printers in recent years. It had never occurred to me that it could be used for such a purpose as this. I am not an expert on them though.

    Although in my opinion (from what I have seen in real life) they are still a way off being viable for genuine production parts (and of use as a replacement to traditional materials and manufacturing processes), it is certainly something to watch for.

    As is laser sintering, or “direct metal laser sintering” – which in layman’s terms pretty much does the same as the plastic 3d printer but with metal. (They are hardly “home use” or affordable though at the moment).

    I am not an expert in materials, but it may be of interest that you can get ABS and other plastics used in 3d printing plated with metal finishes. Chromed, Nickel Plated, etc. How much this costs I do not know, but you can, in theory, make the faces a bit more robust than raw plastic.

    Some car switches for high end vehicles are actually plastic with a chrome finish applied. They look metal, they feel cold and metallic to touch, but they are hollow plastic inside.

    I believe it is primarily used for decorative purposes, such as replacing expensive metal shaped parts from American car body classics, etc. Visually, you cannot really tell them apart from a genuine chromed metal part, particularly when the plastic has been shot blasted or sanded smooth.

    I know nothing of guns, but I suppose the great thing about 3d printers is that you can design, modify the design, remake anything you want. If the barrel is not long enough, you can simply make it any length that fits on the printing table. Double barrel? No problem either I suppose.

    In addition, there are numerous technologies now available that report to “3d scan” existing parts and make them into 3d models which could then be used on the printer.

    The old ‘touch probes’ that used to be the remit of 3d ‘reverse engineering’ are fading out. They have been replaced with laser beam and ‘white light’ technology, and further still, there are now ones which purport to use HD cameras. Accuracy can allegedly be within 0.1mm. These are, in theory, going to be affordable to much more people.

    There are now relatively inexpensive softwares coming available to construct the 3d data from such methods. This model can be exported to design software used to 3d print. I suppose in theory you could scan a working mechanism and remodel the parts for re-assembly in plastic.

    The implications of these technologies is going to be immense in my opinion, and I think in the future when the technology is further refined, it is going to cause some challenges for nations and companies’ property/design rights. It is quite a revolution in the making.

    Also, import and export could be affected, where you can scan a part here, tidy up the design, send it half away around the world in seconds and have it machined or ‘printed’ in another country.

    When it comes to this gun, I am pretty sure it could be further modified by somebody capable, to be more accurate and more robust. A trip to B&Q with a £20 note may suffice for much of it, for all I know.

    But I am not a general engineer, I am not deeply involved with wider engineering or specialities like 3d printing. Nor am I into guns or what the unique design considerations would need to be to stop it blowing up in your face.

    That is why the test runs seem important, to show that it can be done. Refinement and accuracy will probably follow.

    When it comes to apocalyptic futures mentioned above….I am getting a little more sympathetic to them. Fiat currency is a nightmare, and I have already been looking at “diversifying my portfolio”. Some basic forms of self sufficiency cannot exactly harm either.

    Some people can get carried away in my view, there have been “end of the world” and “system collapse” theories for decades, there are even sites that make kits and make a living off it, but some degree of consciousness of what may be necessary could be vital. The news of this 3d printing development is bound to chime with preppers.

  43. I think you theories are correct on thechnology, but in saying that much of this new high tech machinery has indeed cost many jobs, if you take some of the latests developments in printing, one man multicoulore print stations, that can edit scan, make plates and print, all for the sum of £250,000, of course although bring independence at what cost, service parts and charges are expensive, and in the main subject to monopoly, whilst older technologies did indeed create more jobs, and spread economic resources to the advantage of communities, this is of curse no longer the case. Of course there has been much hype about this gun, but in reality it is primitive, don’t be taken back by the space age look, it is simply pastic and not much of a gun, yes, it will kill, yes, it does work, to very limited capacity, you’re right about B&Q yes you could indeed for £20.00 and build something probably a lot more accurate, or dangerous, anyone who’s nows about engineering could figure this out. Of course I think if this gun takes off, it will be used by criminals, or killers who want to get rid of the evidence, I can’t see aynone with half a brain making one, you’re right about metal cutting, yes machines do this now it could be made from metal by similar process, but again what’s the point, it probabaly could be made of wood, with the addition of about 7% metal parts, but there again why bother, guns can be made of wood, even misslies have been made from wood, but I don’t intend on going into history, and yes bombs have been mde from clay.Of course Roger writes a fuuny article, but like many I think he fantasizes,spike launchers indeed, flamethrower’s come on Mr Mellingford, we are still a long way from the end of the word, as for the long bows, make a good crossbow from a lorry spring, might do a better job.use a telegraph pole for an arrow.

  44. very interesting, the first cruise missile was invented in china although indeed now somewhat of a “Mummy” and
    very ancient design it was made from wood, energy came from the controled and restricted burn of gunpowder via rockets, it flew above the water to destroy attacking enemy ships, and it worked.

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